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Prostate Cancer Screening & Prevention

Prostate cancer may cause no symptoms, and possible symptoms are often due to other problems, such as an enlarged prostate. To be safe, urologists affiliated with Memorial Hermann recommend you tell your doctor if you experience any of the following:

  • Pain during urination
  • Frequent urination, especially at night
  • Pain in the upper thighs, hips or lower back
  • Not being able to urinate
  • Blood in the semen or urine
  • Painful ejaculation

Ask your doctor if screening makes sense for you.

Prostate Cancer Patient story

Dan Lundeen had a slightly elevated PSA score when he took his first test in July 2014 at the age of 57. “It wasn’t very high, and the conventional wisdom on the street is that it doesn’t make sense to monitor your PSA levels because of the number of false positives and unnecessary biopsies. Plus, the treatment could be worse than the disease. I get plenty of exercise, eat a plant-based diet and don’t smoke. I had no family history of prostate cancer. I wasn’t worried.” Read about how a simple, noninvasive test saved Dan's life »

Prostate Screening Recommendations

Current recommendations from the American Cancer Society, the American College of Radiology and the American Urological Association advise:

  • Men over 50 should have annual prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and digital rectal exams.
  • African-American men and those with a family history of prostate cancer should have both tests each year beginning at 40.

Types of Prostate Screenings & Diagnostics

Prostate Health Index (phi) Blood Test

Affiliated physicians at Memorial Hermann-Texas Medical Center are finding revolutionary ways to diagnose and treat prostate cancer. In this video, Kevin Slawin, M.D., gives a presentation on the latest research and screenings for prostate cancer, with an introduction to the groundbreaking Prostate Health Index (phi) blood test. Dr. Slawin discusses how the new test will allow for more accurate readings, resulting in less false positives that have long been associated with the use of the standard Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test.


This simple blood test measures the level of prostate-specific antigen released by the prostate gland into the blood.


If your PSA results or other factors point to the possibility of cancer, your doctor may request a biopsy of the prostate. The doctors at Memorial Hermann Cancer Centers are able to analyze prostate tissue samples with exacting accuracy.

Prostate Cancer Prevention with Lifestyle Choices

Some risk factors for prostate cancer are unavoidable. These can include age, passed down genes, and ethnicity.

Fortunately, you may be able to avoid some other risk factors.

Scientists don't yet know for sure what causes prostate cancer. But some studies suggest that making the following choices may help protect you:

  • Eat lots of fruits and vegetables.
  • Limit fat, particularly animal fat. Some research indicates that men who eat a lot of animal fat have a greater chance of developing prostate cancer.
  • Ask your doctor about aspirin.

A recent review of several studies suggests that aspirin may help protect men from prostate cancer. But the authors caution that more research is needed.

Make an appointment with ScheduleNow with a primary care physician or urologist if you would like to be screened for prostate cancer.